New Perspectives on Reality: Part 1

The Experiential Basis of Wave-Particle Duality and The Uncertainty Principle (by Steven E. Kaufman): Abstract: In this article, physical reality as a whole is defined, thereby revealing the actual nature of physical reality to be that of a boundary created by a relation, as that boundary is apprehended from one side of the relation that brings it into existence. The reason we can’t pin down a specific physical reality, i.e., completely define any physical reality, is because in doing so we are trying to pin down what is effectively a miniature rainbow, trying to pin down that which is actually only the product of a relation, trying to pin down something that, in the final analysis, is not at all or in any way what is actually there, but only seems to be what is actually there.

However, while we cannot ever pin down any specific physical reality for the reasons mentioned above, we can pin down the nature of physical reality as a whole. We cannot get to the end of a rainbow, because rainbows only appear to have an end. However, we can understand the true nature of the rainbow and understand how it is created and why it appears as it does. In the same way, although we cannot pin down any specific physical reality, we can understand the nature of physical reality as a whole, how physical reality is created and why physical reality appears as it does, if we are able to understand what it is that the phenomena of wave-particle duality and uncertainty are actually telling us about the nature of physical reality.

Higgs-Free Symmetry Breaking from Critical Behavior near Dimension Four (by Ervin Goldfain): Abstract: Starting from the infrared limit of Yang-Mills theory, we introduce here a Higgs-free model in which symmetry breaking arises from critical behavior near dimension four. Electroweak bosons develop mass near the Wilson-Fisher point of Renormalization Group flow. The family structure of Standard Model is recovered using the technique of “epsilon expansion”. We also find that dimensional regularization offers a straightforward solution to the cosmological constant problem.

Physical Foundation of the Theory of Fields: The Theory of Informatons (by Antoine Acke): Abstract: In the classical theory of fields the gravitational and the electromagnetic interactions are understood as the effects of “fields” on matter. Although those fields are considered to belong to the physical world, the theory remains vague about their nature: they are threatened as purely mathematical structures. In this article we propose a theory that introduces “information” as the substance of both gravitational and electromagnetic fields. The phenomena and the laws of gravito-electromagnetism and of electromagnetism can perfectly be deduced from the dynamics of the elementary entities that constitute that substance. We call these entities “informatons” and it is been shown that photons and gravitons can be identified as informatons transporting an energy quantum. The theory of informatons suggests a perfect isomorphism between G.E.M. and E.M. We will show that this - also with regard to the force laws - is compatible with special relativity.

FRW Cosmological Models in a Saez-Ballester's Scalar-tensor Theory of Gravitation (by Shivdas D Katore): Abstract: Explicit field equations of a scalar tensor theory of gravitation proposed by Saez and Ballester are obtained with an aid of a five dimensional FRW metric in the presence of perfect fluid source. Exact solutions of the field equations are derived when the metric potentials are functions of cosmic time only. The model reduces to curvature free (k=0) expanding stiff fluid cosmological model. Some physical and geometric properties of the solutions are also discussed.