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Nonlinear Theory of Elementary Particles Part XII: The Interaction Description (by Alexander G. Kyriakos): Abstract: In the present article it is shown, that all known interactions of elementary particles (except for gravity) have as a basis the electromagnetic interactions. In particular the classical (linear) electrodynamics describes only the 4-vector interaction. In the same time the nonlinear electrodynamics, or more general, the nonlinear theory of elementary particles (NTEP) includes both vector and axial interaction, integrating it into a unified electroweak interaction, and also the strong interaction. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/226

Is the Master Formula for the U-matrix Finally Found? (by Matti Pitkänen): Abstract: In zero energy ontology U-matrix replaces S-matrix as the fundamental object characterizing the predictions of the theory. U-matrix is defined between zero energy states and its orthogonal rows define what I call M-matrices, which are analogous to thermal S-matrices of thermal QFTs. M-matrix defines the time-like entanglement coefficients between positive and negative energy parts of the zero energy state. M-matrices identifiable as hermitian square roots of density matrices. In this article it is shown that M-matrices form in a natural manner a generalization of Kac-Moody type algebra acting as symmetries of M-matrices and U-matrix and that the space of zero energy states has therefore Lie algebra structure so that quantum states act as their own symmetries. The generators of this algebra are multilocal with respect to partonic 2-surfaces just as Yangian algebras are multilocal with respect to points of Minkowski space and therefore define generalization of the Yangian algebra appearing in the Grassmannian twijstor approach to N = 4 SUSY. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/227

Is there a Scaled up Variant of Hadron Physics at 0.5 TeV Energy (by Matti Pitkänen): Abstract: p-Adic length scale hypothesis strongly suggests a fractal hierarchy of copies of hadron physics labelled by Mersenne primes. M89 hadron physics whose mass scales relates by a factor 512 to that of ordinary M107hadron physics was predicted already for 15 years ago but only now the TeV energy region has been reached at LHC making possible to test the prediction. Pions of any hadron physics are produced copiously in hadronic reactions and their detection is the most probable manner how the new hadron physics will be discovered if Nature has realized them. Neutral pions produce monochromatic gamma pairs whereas heavy charged pions decay to quark pair or intermediate gauge boson and quark pair. The first evidence -or should we say indication- for the existence of M89 hadron physics has now emerged from CDF which for more than two years ago provided evidence also for the colored excitations of tau lepton and for leptohadron physics. What CDF has observed is evidence for the production of quark antiquark pairs in association with W bosons and the following arguments demonstrate that the interpretation in terms of M89 hadron physics might make sense. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/229

Learning to Cooperate for Progress in Physics (by Jonathan J. Dickau): Abstract: At the 10th Frontiers of Fundamental Physics symposium, Gerard ’t Hooft stated that, for some of the advances we hope to see in Physics in the future, there must be a great deal of cooperation between researchers from different disciplines, as well as mathematicians, programmers, technologists, and others. Accomplishing this requires a new mindset; however, as so much of our past progress has come out of a fiercely competitive process - especially since a critical review of our ideas about reality remains an essential part of making progress and checking our progress. We must also address the fact that some frameworks appear incompatible, as with relativity and quantum mechanics, which remain at odds despite years of attempts to find a quantum gravity theory. I explore the idea that playful exploration, using both left-brained and right-brained approaches to learning, allows resolution of conflicting ideas by taking advantage of our innate developmental strategies. It may thus foster the kind of interdisciplinary cooperation we are hoping to see. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/26

Mathematics Is Physics (by Dainis Zeps)

Abstract: In series of articles we continue to advance idea that mathematics and physics is the same. We bring forward two basic assumptions as principles. First is the primacy of life as opposed to dominating reductionism, and second – immaturity of epistemology. Second principle says that we have reached stage of epistemology where we have stepped outside simple perceptibility only on level of individuality (since Aristotle) but not on level of collective mind. The last stage has reached only most of religious teachings but not physical science that is still under oppressive influence of reductionism. This causes that what we call research in physical science turns out to be simply instrumental improvement of perception within visional confinement we call field of information. We discuss and try to apply principle that within field of information we can’t invent or discover anything that doesn’t existing. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/27

It Is Not Higgs (by Gunn Quznetsov)

Abstract: The basic concepts, principles and statements of the electroweak and the quark-gluon theories and the theory of gravitation are deduced from properties of the point-like events probabilities. Higgs, strings, Dark Energy and Dark Matter are not required. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/25

Weak Form of Electric-magnetic Duality, Electro-weak Massivation, and Color Confinement (by Matti Pitkänen)

Abstract: The notion of electric magnetic duality emerged already two decades ago in the attempts to formulate the Kähler geometry of the "world of classical worlds". Quite recently a considerable step of progress took place in the understanding of this notion. This concept leads to the identification of the physical particles as string like objects defined by magnetic charged wormhole throats connected by magnetic flux tubes. The second end of the string contains particle having electroweak isospin neutralizing that of elementary fermion and the size scale of the string is electro-weak scale would be in question. Hence the screening of electro-weak force takes place via weak confinement. This picture generalizes to magnetic color confinement. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/28

How to Define Generalized Feynman Diagrams (by Matti Pitkänen)

Abstract: Generalized Feynman diagrams have become the central notion of quantum TGD and one might even say that space-time surfaces can be identified as generalized Feynman diagrams. The challenge is to assign a precise mathematical content for this notion, show their mathematical existence, and develop a machinery for calculating them. Zero energy ontology has led to a dramatic progress in the understanding of generalized Feynman diagrams at the level of fermionic degrees of freedom. In particular, manifest finiteness in these degrees of freedom follows trivially from the basic identifications as does also unitarity and non-trivial coupling constant evolution.There are however several formidable looking challenges left. 1. One should perform the functional integral over WCW degrees of freedom for fixed values of on mass shell momenta appearing in the internal lines. After this one must perform integral or summation over loop momenta. 2. One must define the functional integral also in the p-adic context. p-Adic Fourier analysis relying on algebraic continuation raises hopes in this respect. p-Adicity suggests strongly that the loop momenta are discretized and ZEO predicts this kind of discretization naturally. In this article a proposal giving excellent hopes for achieving these challenges is discussed. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/29