2012daily's blog

Quantum Human & Animal Consciousness: A Concept Embracing Philosophy, Quantitative Molecular Biology & Mathematics (by Massimo Cocchi, Lucio Tonello, Fabio Gabrielli, Massimo Pregnolato, Eliano Pessa): Abstract: Biology and culture, consciousness and the world, subject and object, inner and outer have continuity and find, in the "creative transcendence” of consciousness and its experiences, a privileged degree of understanding. The aims of this paper are: (1) to stress the validity of the phenomenological approach to consciousness and the subsequent interpretation of memory, expression of the “ego” as a continuous narrative of “self”; (2) to show that a molecular structure, such as tubulin, can effectively modulate the state of consciousness through the changes that occur within it; (3) to formulate a plausible hypothesis about the existence of different levels of consciousness in animals; (4) to introduce a hypothesis concerning the involvement of membrane viscosity and serotonin as regulatory agents in different levels of consciousness such as mood disorders and hallucinations. It is suggested that consciousness persists even in the face of minimal conditions, perhaps even in traumatic brain injuries. Such a suggestion is justified at the bio molecular level through introduction of the hypothesis that Schrödinger proteins (i.e. tubulins) are the biological interface from quantum to classical computation, underlying quantum/classical consciousness processes and at the crossroad of memory and learning capacities. http://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/143

Levitation during Meditation: A Scientific Investigation (by Pradeep B. Deshpande, B. D. Kulkarni, S. S. Aroskar, S. N. Bhavsar): Abstract: The phenomenon of human levitation while in the state of meditation has been investigated from a six sigma perspective. Using the forces of gravitation and buoyancy, we provide scientific explanation for the phenomenon and derive balancing condition for neutrality beyond which the gravitational forces can be overcome. Direct experimental evidences in the form of snapshots in time giving the details as one progresses into meditation as well as a link to video records of persons in the state of levitation are provided. Indirect evidences and ancient writings appear to be consistent with the mechanics of levitation. Reputable scientific publications have been reporting on the characteristics and benefits of meditation for some years. The work reported herein appears to add to an increasing body of evidence on the variety of measurable outcomes of meditation. http://2012daily.com/?q=node/add/article

A Model of Human Consciousness (by Robert H. Kettell): Abstract: It has been difficult to define human consciousness because of its many differing qualities and because of various views people have of consciousness. It is proposed that these multiple vantage points be united into a single three-dimensional model utilizing breadth, time and depth. This model could provide a more comprehensive definition of consciousness and encourage an exploration of the interplay of consciousness’ many features. Such a model may also help answer some of the many questions that the concept of consciousness creates.

Jun 13 '12 · Tags: consciousness, levels, dimensions
Today 06/12/2012 Reuters reports that "[p]hysicists investigating the make-up of the universe are closing in on the Higgs boson, an elusive particle thought to have been key to turning debris from the Big Bang into stars, planets and finally life, scientists said on Tuesday." See here: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/12/us-science-higgs-idUSBRE85B0EZ20120612

Meanwhile, Philip E. Gibbs reported on 06/10/2012 at the viXra log that "now the computer grid will light up as ATLAS and CMS push through the analysis for the Higgs and SUSY plots in time to get them approved for the massive ICHEP conference in one months time." See here http://blog.vixra.org/2012/06/10/lhc-prepares-for-ichep/ According to Gibbs, "The schedule of talks shows that each experiment will be giving detailed talks for each individual Higgs channel (plus possibly a new H -> Z+γ analysis) using 2012 data at 8 TeV leading up to the final combinations for each experiment. They will leave it up to bloggers to complete the full combination. It is likely that they will fall just short of discovery significance in diphoton channels and combined plots for each experiment. The full combined significance for the LHC will probably pass the 5 sigma finish line but no official combination will show that. This is not certain because the statistical fluctuations are not predictable."

Jun 13 '12 · Tags: lhc, reuters, big bang particle
Dynamics of Neutrino Oscillations and the Cosmological Constant Problem (by Ervin Goldfain): Abstract: The cosmological constant problem continues to represent a major challenge for theoretical physics and cosmology. The main difficulty arises from the large numerical discrepancy between observational limits of the cosmological constant and quantum predictions based on gravitational effects of the vacuum energy. In this work we argue that the experimental value of this constant may be recovered from the dynamics of neutrino oscillations. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/166

Nonlinear Theory of Elementary Particles Part VIII: Nonlinear Quantum Electron Equation (by Alexander G. Kyriakos): Abstract: The derivation of nonlinear quantum electron equation in the framework of nonlinear theory of elementary particles (NTEP) is presented. It can help to understand many aspects of the quantum description of elementary particles. In particular, it is shown that the field self-action is “the mechanism”, which introduces the mass into the quantum electron equation. This mechanism has a similarities with the Higgs mechanism of mass generation, however it is not needed a Higgs boson. The results of the experiments, which were set until now, to find the Higgs's boson, are negative. At the same time the NTEP has not difficulties, which will appear in Standard Model theory, if Higgs's boson is not discovered. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/169

The Solution of the “Light Clocks Paradox” (by Amrit S. Sorli, Dusan Klinar, Davide Fiscaletti): Abstract: In the 20th century, physics has understood space and time as being coupled into a “space-time”, a fundamental arena in which everything takes place. Space-time was considered to have three spatial dimensions and one temporal dimension. Out of the mathematical formalism for the fourth space-time component X4 = ict one can conclude that time t is only a numerical order of material change, i.e., the motion that we obtain with clocks. Time is not a 4th dimension of space. For the description of the Special Theory of Relativity it is here proposed an Euclidian 3D space whilst time t is merely a numerical order of a photon motion in a 3D space. This view solves the “light clock paradox”. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/170

Bianchi Type-III Cosmic Strings and Domain Walls Cosmological Models in Self-creation Cosmology (by Shivdas D Katore, A. Y. Shaikh, M. M. Sancheti, N. K. Sarkate): Abstract: Bianchi type-III space-time is considered in the presence of cosmic string source and thick domain walls in Barber’s (Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 14:117, 1982) Second self-creation theory of gravitation. With the help of special law of gravitation for Hubble’s parameter proposed by Bermann (Nuovo Cimento 74 B: 182, 1983) cosmological models with negative constant deceleration parameter are obtained. It is interesting to note the cosmological models, obtained in both the cases, are identical. Some physical and kinematical properties of the models are discussed. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/167

Jun 11 '12
On a Natural Solution for the Hierarchy Problem Using Dimensional Regularization (by Ervin Goldfain): Abstract: This brief report suggests a straightforward solution for the hierarchy problem of the Standard Model using dimensional regularization of quantum field theory (QFT). Our viewpoint breaks away from traditional approaches to the hierarchy problem based on supersymmetry (SUSY), Technicolor, extra-dimensions, anthropic arguments, fine-tuning or gauge unification near the Planck scale. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/164

Nonlinear Theory of Elementary Particles Part VII: Classical Nonlinear Electron Theories and Their Connection with QED (by Alexander G. Kyriakos): Abstract: In this article of nonlinear theory of elementary particles (NTEP) a review of the nonlinear field theories in the framework of classical electrodynamics is presented. It is shown that the results found within these theories can be transferred to quantum theory. These results can also help us to understand many aspects of the quantum description of elementary particles. In particular, they explain why electron can be interpreted as a point and non-point particle simultaneously. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/168

Koide’s Formula Follows from Nonlinear Dynamics of Quantum Fields (by Ervin Goldfain): Abstract: In this brief report we argue that Koide’s formula arises from universal attributes of nonlinear dynamics in field theory. Feigenbaum scaling not only provides a natural paradigm for generating particle masses and coupling charges, but also a basis for understanding the family structure of fermions. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/165

Bianchi Type-III Cosmological Model with Negative Constant Deceleration Parameter with Wet Dark Fluid in Brans-Dicke Theory of Gravitation (by Kishor S. Adhav, A. S. Nimkar, M. R. Ugale, R. S. Thakare): Abstract: Bianchi type-III space time is considered in the presence of wet dark fluid source in the scalar-tensor theory of gravitation proposed by Brans and Dicke (Phys. Rev. 124:925, 1961). With the help of special law of variation for Hubble’s parameter proposed by Bermann (Nuovo Cimento 74B:182, 1983) a cosmological model with negative constant deceleration parameter is obtained in the presence of wet dark fluid with disordered radiation. Some physical and kinematical properties of the model are also discussed. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/146

We Have a Dream: A Call to All Men and Women of Science and Religion to Rise Up (by Huping Hu): Abstract: In the spirit of Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Martin Luther King, Jr., we call all men and women of Science and Religion to rise up in the pursuit of truth. http://scigod.com/index.php/sgj/article/view/105

New Internationale (Internationale 2012) (by Huping Hu, Alice Hu, Maoxin Wu): Abstract: This poem/lyrics/song in English and Chinese promotes a peaceful and prospering New World under Scientific GOD. It is adapted from Eugène E. Pottier’s L'Internationale written in 1871. The music for the lyrics is adapted from Pierre De Geyter’s composition written in 1888. Please don’t use in countries where its use is prohibited due to copyright restrictions and/or other regulation(s). YouTube Releases are here: New Internationale (English) and New Internationale (Chinese). http://scigod.com/index.php/sgj/article/view/106

Unified Reality Theory in a Nutshell (by Steven E. Kaufman): Abstract: Unified Reality Theory describes how all reality evolves from an absolute existence. It also demonstrates that this absolute existence must have consciousness as an attribute that's intrinsic to its being. Thus, it shows that consciousness, rather than being a product of the evolution of physical reality, is itself the source of what we experience as physical reality and that physical reality is itself but one aspect of an evolving universal consciousness. Ultimately, Unified Reality Theory uses science and logic to demonstrate that God exists, as a pervasive and absolute consciousness that transcends the realities of space and time, and that we, as well as everything else, are that. http://scigod.com/index.php/sgj/article/view/107

Unified Reality Theory: Relational-Matrix Model (by Steven E. Kaufman): Abstract: Our modeling of space-time as a structure must include an analysis and description of these two complementary aspects, i.e., something that exists, and the way that something is arranged into a structure. What space-time is made of we will analyze and describe in terms of spatial content. How that content is arranged we will analyze and describe in terms of spatial construct. Thus, In this article, we will describe the behavior of spatial content within the context of a defined spatial construct. This description will leave us with a model of space-time as a dynamic structure. We will call this model the relational-matrix model. This model will provide a framework that we can use to visualize the relationships between physical phenomena which we know must somehow be related but for which we currently lack the symbolic conceptual abstractions necessary to link together as a unified whole. http://scigod.com/index.php/sgj/article/view/108

How Self-Relational Consciousness Produces and Interacts with Reality (by Huping Hu, Maoxin Wu): Abstract: In essence, Steven E. Kaufman’s work shows how self-relational Consciousness produces and interacts with reality. But to appreciate the important work done by Kaufman, one needs to read the whole 325 pages of this Focus Issue of JCER covering his work. Our goals with this Focus Issue are: (1) bring broader awareness of Kaufman’s work by scholars and all genuine truth seekers; and (2) promote scholarly discussions of the same through commentaries and responses to commentaries in the future issues of JCER. In so doing, we hope that all of us may benefit in our endeavor to reach higher Consciousness within ourselves and build a genuine Science of Consciousness. http://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/141

The Integration of Experience, Awareness, and Consciousness into the Relational-Matrix Model I: Experiential Mechanics (by Steven E. Kaufman): Abstract: In Article 2 & 3 of this work, we showed how existence, by forming relationships with itself repetitively and progressively, evolves into a relational structure that functions as the framework of reality. However, what we have described so far as the relational structure of reality, including the differentiation of that relational structure, explains only the fundamental behavior of, and some of the intrinsic relationships within, what we experience and are aware of as physical reality. What we have described so far doesn’t explain why there exists physical experience itself or why there exists an awareness of physical experience. To present a more complete, unified model of reality, it’s necessary to explain not only why physical reality behaves as it does but also, within the context of that same model, explain why we experience physical reality as we do, as well as why we’re aware or conscious of our experience, since experience, awareness, and consciousness are themselves integral parts of our reality. In that same vein, mental and emotional experiences are also integral parts of our reality and so must also be integrated into any model of reality that seeks to account for reality as a whole. The purpose of this article and the next article of this work, then, is to explain within the context of the same unified model of realty that was developed in Articles 2 & 3 of this work, how experience, awareness, and consciousness are all related, and in the process demonstrate that the physical, mental, and emotional experiential realities in which we find ourselves immersed can be understood in terms of a singular or unitary existence existing in relation to itself. Toward that end, we will now begin to explore how evolving existence, by existing in relation to itself at yet another level, becomes aware of physical, mental, and emotional experiences. http://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/139

The Integration of Experience, Awareness, & Consciousness into the Relational-Matrix Model II: Consciousness and the Awareness of Experience (Steven E. Kaufman): Abstract: We have demonstrated how seemingly separate experiential realities can come to exist within the context of an ultimately indivisible, singular existence, but not why there exists an awareness of experience itself. That is, although we have demonstrated how existence can impactively interact with itself to create the form of any experience, we have yet to explain why there exists an awareness of that experiential form—in other words, why the differentiated area of reality that exists as the experiencer is aware of the form of its impactive-interactive relationship with the surrounding reality. In the following sections, we will explain why an awareness of the experiential boundary exists. In understanding why awareness exists, the nature of consciousness will become apparent.

Consciousness is unlimited, borderless, and undefined, whereas awareness is limited, bordered, and defined. When awareness becomes caught up in experiential reality, mistaking experiential reality for an independently existent reality, it literally becomes un-consciousness, or the opposite of consciousness. Since, for awareness, reality is whatever it experiences it to be, although awareness always remains what it is (i.e., consciousness), what awareness can experience itself to be is another matter entirely. For this reason, awareness can become unaware, can become unconscious of what it is, can become experientially cut off or separated from the consciousness that lies both within and beyond the screen of experience. http://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/140

Introduction to The Relational-Matrix Model of Reality (by Steven E. Kaufman): Abstract: In this series of articles, we will show that reality as a whole can be consistently accounted for only if we understand that the nature of the singular existence from which reality extends through the process of repetitive and progressive self-relation isn’t other than consciousness itself. Thus, we will demonstrate that consciousness doesn’t come into existence at some later stage in the evolution of reality, but rather that the evolution of existence isn’t other than the evolution of consciousness and that experiential reality itself is what comes into existence at a certain stage in the evolution of consciousness-existence. In other words, we will show that consciousness isn’t a product of the machinations of physical reality but, on the contrary, that physical reality, as we experience it to exist, is itself a product of consciousness, albeit consciousness existing in relation to itself. http://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/136

The Relational-Matrix Model of Reality I: The Development of the Model (by Steven E. Kaufman): Abstract: In this article, we will describe the behavior of spatial content within the context of a defined spatial construct. This description will leave us with a model of space-time as a dynamic structure. For reasons that will later become clear, we will call this model the relational-matrix model. Once the relational-matrix model has been developed, we will then demonstrate in the next article how the functioning of this dynamic spatial structure can account for certain basic aspects of the nature and behavior of physical reality. Specifically, within the context of the relational-matrix model, we will account for the following aspects of physical reality: (1) the relationship between space and time, including the basis of temporal relativity, as well as the precise nature of time as a function of the dynamic aspect of the spatial structure; (2) the basis of the speed-of-light constant, including why the frequency and wavelength of electromagnetic radiation are inversely related as a function of that constant; (3) the basis of Planck’s constant, including why the energy associated with electromagnetic radiation exists in discrete amounts, or quanta; (4) the nature of gravitation, including why matter and gravitation are always associated and why gravitation is universally attractive; (5) the equivalence of the gravitational and inertial forces; (6) the relationship between electromagnetic radiation and gravitation; (7) the nature of energy; (8) wave/particle duality; and (9) the uncertainty principle. http://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/137

The Relational-Matrix Model of Reality II: Relating the Model to Space-Time and Physical Reality (by Steven E. Kaufman): Abstract: In this article, we will demonstrate that space-time functions as a dynamic relational structure. The relational-matrix model, as a visualizable representation of the structure of space, will be used to explain, among other things, why the physical relationships that Einstein mathematically described exist. Using the relational-matrix model to explain the behavior of physical reality, we will establish a conceptual basis for understanding how physical reality extends from the structure of space. By the end of this article, we will also have established a conceptual basis for understanding why nothing can truly be separated from anything else—i.e., why nothing can be said to exist independent of all other things. http://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/138

No-Cloning in Reduced Power Algebras (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: The No-Cloning property in Quantum Computation is known not to depend on the unitarity of the operators involved, but only on their linearity. Based on that fact, here it is shown that the No-Cloning property remains valid when Quantum Mechanics is re-formulated within far wider frameworks of scalars, namely, one or the other of the infinitely many reduced power algebras which can replace the usual real numbers R, or complex numbers C. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/159

Surprising Properties of Non-Archimedean Field Extensions of the Real Numbers (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: This, under the present form, is a replacement that is a two part paper in which the new second part was brought together with my recently posted arxiv paper, upon the suggestion of the arxiv moderators. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/160

Quantum Foundations: Is Probability Ontological? (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: It is argued that the Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, founded ontologically on the concept of probability, may be questionable in view of the fact that within Probability Theory itself the ontological status of the concept of probability has always been, and is still under discussion. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/161

Leaving the Aristotelean Realm: Some Comments Inspired by the Articles of Elemer E. Rosinger (by Matti Pitkänen): Abstract: In the following I represent some comments on the articles of Elemer Rosinger as a physicist from the point of view of Topological Geometrodynamics. The construction of ultrapower fields (loosely surreals) is associated with physics using the close analogies with gauge theories, gauge invariance, and with the singularities of classical fields. Non-standard numbers are compared with the numbers generated by infinite primes and it is found that the construction of infinite primes, integers, and rationals has a close similarity with construction of the generalized scalars. The construction replaces at the lowest level the index set Ʌ= N of natural numbers with algebraic numbers A, Frechet filter of N with that of A, and R with unit circle S1 represented as complex numbers of unit magnitude. At higher levels of the hierarchy generalized -possibly infinite and infinitesimal- algebraic numbers emerge. This correspondence maps a given set in the dual of Frechet filter of A to a phase factor characterizing infinite rational algebraically so that correspondence is like representation of algebra. The basic difference between two approaches to infinite numbers is that the counterpart of infinitesimals is infinitude of real units with complex number theoretic anatomy: one might loosely say that these real units are exponentials of infinitesimals. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/162

Jun 6 '12 · Tags: archimedean axiom, glimpse, old bondage
Group Invariant Entanglements in Generalized Tensor Products (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: The group invariance of entanglement is obtained within a very general and simple setup of the latter, given by a recently introduced considerably extended concept of tensor products. This general approach to entanglement - unlike the usual one given in the particular setup of tensor products of vector spaces - turns out not to need any specific algebraic structure. The resulting advantage is that, entanglement being in fact defined by a negation, its presence in a general setup increases the chances of its manifestations, thus also its availability as a resource. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/156

Space-Time Foam Differential Algebras of Generalized Functions and a Global Cauchy-Kovalevskaia Theorem (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: The new global version of the Cauchy-Kovalevskaia theorem presented here is a strengthening and extension of the regularity of similar global solutions obtained earlier by the author. Recently the space-time foam differential algebras of generalized functions with dense singularities were introduced. A main motivation for these algebras comes from the so called space-time foam structures in General Relativity, where the set of singularities can be dense. A variety of applications of these algebras have been presented elsewhere, including in de Rham cohomology, Abstract Differential Geometry, Quantum Gravity, etc. Here a global Cauchy-Kovalevskaia theorem is presented for arbitrary analytic nonlinear systems of PDEs. The respective global generalized solutions are analytic on the whole of the domain of the equations considered, except for singularity sets which are closed and nowhere dense, and which upon convenience can be chosen to have zero Lebesgue measure. In view of the severe limitations due to the polynomial type growth conditions in the definition of Colombeau algebras, the class of singularities such algebras can deal with is considerably limited. Consequently, in such algebras one cannot even formulate, let alone obtain, the global version of the Cauchy-Kovalevskaia theorem presented in this paper. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/157

Brief Lecture Notes on Self-Referential Mathematics and Beyond (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: Recently delivered lectures on Self-Referential Mathematics, [2], at the Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Pretoria, are briefly presented. Comments follow on the subject, as well as on Inconsistent Mathematics. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/158

Jun 5 '12 · Tags: archimedean axiom, glimpse, old bondage
Mathematics and "The Trouble with Physics", How Deep We Have to Go? (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: The parts contributed by the author in recent discussions with several physicists and mathematicians are reviewed, as they have been occasioned by the 2006 book "The Trouble with Physics", of Lee Smolin. Some of the issues addressed are the possible and not yet sufficiently explored relationship between modern Mathematics and theoretical Physics, as well as the way physicists may benefit from becoming more aware of what at present appear to be certain less than fortunate yet essential differences between modern Mathematics and theoretical Physics, as far as the significant freedom of introducing new fundamental concepts, structures and theories in the former is concerned. A number of modern mathematical concepts and structures are suggested for consideration by physicists, when dealing with foundational issues in present day theoretical Physics. Since here discussions with several persons are reviewed, certain issues may be brought up more than one time. For such repetitions the author ask for the kind understanding of the reader. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/152

String Theory: A Mere Prelude to Non-Archimedean Space-Time (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: It took two millennia after Euclid and until in the early 1880s, when we went beyond the ancient axiom of parallels, and inaugurated geometries of curved spaces. In less than one more century, General Relativity followed. At present, physical thinking is still beheld by the yet deeper and equally ancient Archimedean assumption which entraps us into the limited view of "only one walkable world". In view of that, it is argued with some rather easily accessible mathematical support that Theoretical Physics may at last venture into the Non-Archimedean realms. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/153

Cosmic Contact to Be, or Not to Be Archimedean (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: This is a two part paper which discusses various issues of cosmic contact related to what so far appears to be a self-imposed censorship implied by the customary acceptance of the Archimedean assumption on space-time. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/154

From Reference Frame Relativity to Relativity of MathematicalModels: Relativity Formulas in a Variety of Non-Archimedean Setups (by Elemer E. Rosinger): Abstract: Galilean Relativity and Einstein’s Special and General Relativity showed that the Laws of Physics go deeper than their representations in any given reference frame. Thus covariance or independence of Laws of Physics with respect to changes of reference frames became a fundamental principle. So far, all of that has only been expressed within one single mathematical model, namely, the traditional one built upon the usual continuum of the field R of real numbers, since complex numbers, finite dimensional Euclidean spaces, or infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces, etc., are built upon the real numbers. Here, following [55], we give one example of how one can go beyond that situation and study what stays the same and what changes in the Laws of Physics, when one models them within an infinitely large variety of algebras of scalars constructed rather naturally. Specifically, it is shown that the Special Relativistic addition of velocities can naturally be considered in any of infinitely many reduced power algebras, each of them containing the usual field of real numbers and which, unlike the latter, are non-Archimedean. The nonstandard reals are but one case of such reduced power algebras, and are as well non-Archimedean. Two surprising and strange effects of such a study of the Special Relativistic addition of velocities are that one can easily go beyond the velocity of light, and rather dually, one can as easily end up frozen in immobility, with zero velocity. Both of these situations, together with many other ones, are as naturally available, as the usual one within real numbers. http://prespacetime.com/index.php/pst/article/view/155

Jun 4 '12 · Tags: archimedean axiom, glimpse, two millennia
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